Hybrid Teaching

++ Attention: In view of the current pandemic situation and the nationwide partial lockdown, presence operation has been suspended since 2.11.2020 until further notice with few exceptions. This means that all courses must be converted to fully digital formats with immediate effect. Further information can be found in the newsletter of 2.11.2020. ++

Hybrid teaching is the synchronous teaching with participants in physical presence and participants connected online. This is described in the new versions of annexes 12, 13 and 18 or annex II to the framework examination regulations of Leuphana University (§2(2)):

Hybrid courses are courses in which a system is used in which both the teacher and the students physically present in the classroom are recorded audio-visually by means of a camera and a directional microphone and can be transmitted via a video conference system to those course participants who are not physically present and who are connected to the course from another location [...]. The participants who are not physically present are simultaneously recorded audio-visually and transmitted via the video conference system to a screen and speakers in the classroom.[*]

Thus, a part of the students takes part in the course on site and at the same time another part of the students is present online via a meeting room, e.g. via the video conference service Zoom. For the student groups participating physically in the classroom, there is a prescribed arrangement of tables and chairs for each seminar room, including an occupancy schedule with the maximum number of participants. This arrangement may not be changed by the teachers. The corresponding room plans will soon be available under the room information in myStudy and will also be posted in the rooms themselves. In any case, the protective measures described in detail in the Sars-CoV-2 hygiene guideline must be observed by the persons participating in classroom. This means among other things also that falling below the minimum distance is permitted only for short periods and only under use of a mouth nose protection.

Video transmission - and therefore the hybrid format - is only permitted for those courses in which an interactive discussion of the participants is a necessary part of the course. (ibid., §2(2)2.b):

An [interactive discussion] is generally only to be supposed for seminars and colloquia [...]. Exceptions will be decided by the Deans of Studies in consultation with the persons responsible for the module.[*]

In the following you will find information about some important questions concerning the planning and implementation of hybrid teaching. This concerns the possibilities for interaction as well as the mode of rotation, the conditions for video transmission, the technical support and the possibilities for formative and summative feedback. A description of possible procedures for a hybrid seminar session will be available on these pages shortly.

Technical Support

The newly purchased and installed equipment in the rooms on campus is supervised and maintained by the AVM's colleagues. They will provide concrete instructions on how to operate the equipment in time for the start of the semester.

Regardless of this, it may be advisable to include student co-moderators during the planning of your hybrid scenarios, who will keep an eye on the smooth running of the session.


Principle of rotation

In hybrid teaching, only a part of the students are present in the classroom. The currently valid upper limits for attendance can be found in the [seating plan] (.pdf, as of 12.8.20). For the selection of students, the following applies (according to §2(2)4. of the annexes to the framework examination regulations):

If there are more students interested in attending the course than there are seats available in the classroom, students will take turns attending the course according to a rotation principle. The responsible teacher decides whether students can attend the course in class based on the following criteria:
• didactic-methodological reasons,
• the desire of the students to participate in presence and
• information on whether students themselves or persons to be cared for or supervised by them belong to a risk group.
If these data are personalised, they are to be deleted at the latest after the end of the lecture period.[*]

This means that first of all you as a teacher decide whether and how many students should actually be present. In addition, when selecting participants for attendance, both the students' own wishes and their health situation or that of the persons they supervise must be taken into account. In addition, the students who participate in attendance should take turns (rotate) regularly.

Transmission of image and sound

Under what conditions may image and sound be transmitted? Basically the following applies: Image and sound are not recorded. The data may not be stored and processed manually. It is not permitted to record the non-publicly spoken word of others without authorisation; this constitutes a violation according to § 201 para. 1 no. 1 StGB. Please point this out to the participants of your event.

As already mentioned, only those courses in which discussions are desired and required may have a hybrid structure. Audio and video transmissions of students on site are only permitted for the times in which the participants actually interact with each other. If, for example, you are giving a lecture, please make sure that the camera is not pointed at the participants in attendance.

Students who are online should switch on their camera and sound. However, they must also be allowed to participate in the course without using a camera or microphone via the video conferencing system (§2(2)3.d). In any case, it is necessary that you secure the videoconferencing system with a password and provide your students with this password for their participation.

Hint: Talk to your students in the first session about what it is like for you to look at a screen with black tiles. Together with your students, create rules for the hybrid course.


For regular feedback you can schedule time in or after each session. What went well? Where do you see room for improvement? What is missing and how can the participants support good teaching and learning even better?

In addition, as every semester, you can use the qualitative feedback format Shift! and course evaluation, both of which are also highly recommended for hybrid event formats.