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Veranstaltungen von Stefan Ortiz Przychodzka


Lehrveranstaltungen

Valuing nature: reflecting on transdisciplinary methods (FSL) (Seminar)

Dozent/in: Stefan Ortiz Przychodzka, Jasmine Pearson

Termin:
wöchentlich | Freitag | 10:15 - 11:45 | 17.10.2022 - 03.02.2023 | C 11.319

Inhalt: Sustainability challenges have increasingly brought attention towards the role of the plurality of values of nature to humans, shaping human-nature relationships. In particular, research and practice on environmental values have made significant progress in building a common framework on values, by linking different interdisciplinary concepts and methods, and bridging between science and policy platforms. In more recent years, nature valuation literature has focused mainly on three main categories of values: (1) Intrinsic (nature has value as an end in itself in a moral sense), (2) Instrumental (nature has value as a means for achieving a particular end), (3) Relational (the importance is given to preferences, principles and virtues derived from relationships with nature). These three categories synthetize long-dated efforts from academia, social movements, Indigenous and local knowledge (ILK), and policy-makers, to better understand human-nature relationships and social-ecological systems dynamics. Nevertheless, the debates are still ongoing, considering the complexity of conceptualizing the diversity of perspectives and worldviews from which societies build their interactions with their environment. Such discussions have been part of the deliberations of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), in search for integrative and innovative approaches on the topic. Nature valuation has been of crucial importance for thinking and designing sustainability transformations at multiple scales. For this reason, this course will provide a general conceptual overview of values of nature, and an exploration of the methodological applications that could guide further research and action in sustainability topics and initiatives inside academia and in practice-oriented contexts. The seminar will aim at promoting a dialogue on the benefits, risks and opportunities of a plurality of conceptual and methodological approaches to understand the values of nature to humans. The seminar will be developed through three main axes: concepts, methods, and applications. In the conceptual axis, we will review the most important and recent debates about values. In particular, we will highlight the relevance of thinking values from an environmental ethics perspective, and discuss how this links to multiple perspectives of human-nature relations such as the anthropocentric, the eco-centric and the bio-centric. We will also discuss the importance of conceptualizing values from an epistemic justice perspective, considering for example how different worldviews can be represented or excluded from the conceptual frameworks that guide research and practice. In the methodological axis, we will assess a plurality of methods through which values can be unveiled and analysed, raising awareness on how the methodological choices can also shape the realities that they intend to analyse. This methodological axis will provide tools to better understand the roles, the potentials and the risks of assessing values of nature, and the importance of transdisciplinary environmental science for overcoming epistemological barriers that usually exclude a plurality of knowledges (such as ILK). The course will particularly address the close links between research-practice on values of nature, pluralism and epistemological justice. Finally, the applications axis will analyse the practical implications of conceptual and methodological debates and pluralism. This axis will promote practical experimentations in which students will learn from case-studies in literature and real-life examples of research and practice on values and will engage in active dialogues with actors involved in concrete research in different geographies (e.g. Germany, Colombia, Fiji, Bolivia). This axis will promote innovation and creativity in students interested in developing research-action initiatives in the future. The seminar will address key questions according to the different axes: - Conceptual: (1) how can we conceptualize values of nature, (2) what are the main benefits and risks of the different values conceptualizations? (3) what can we learn from bridging academic and non-academic conceptualization? - Methodological: (4) how can we unveil and assess the plurality of values of nature? (5) how can we promote epistemological justice in research and practice involving values of nature? - Applications and transdisciplinarity: (6) what can we learn from different practical applications of multiple values frameworks? (7) how can we apply different values-frameworks in our academic and practice-oriented initiatives? This seminar is a collaborative initiative between Jasmine Pearson, who works on the demand and values of NCP in Mt Kilimanjaro Social-Ecological System (DFG funded) and Stefan Ortiz-Przychodzka, from the research project on biocultural diversity in farming landscapes in the Global South (BMBF funded).