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Philosophy of Social Science (Seminar)

Dozent/in: Markus Reihlen, Dennis Schoeneborn

Einzeltermin | Di, 06.02.2024, 15:00 - Di, 06.02.2024, 15:00 | Online-Veranstaltung | Online
Einzeltermin | Mi, 07.02.2024, 15:00 - Mi, 07.02.2024, 15:00 | Online-Veranstaltung | Online
Einzeltermin | Do, 08.02.2024, 15:00 - Do, 08.02.2024, 15:00 | Online-Veranstaltung | Online
Einzeltermin | Fr, 09.02.2024, 15:00 - Fr, 09.02.2024, 15:00 | Online-Veranstaltung | Online

Inhalt: This course provides you with insights into how to do more engaging and useful research. So what can philosophy contribute to social science? The answer is straightforward: it helps to construct more interesting research problems by challenging taken-for-granted assumptions. The philosophy of social science raises fundamental questions relevant to the practicing researcher, such as what is the nature of social phenomena. Should we see organizations as accumulations of autonomous individuals, collective actors with goals of their own, or systems embedded into society? What is the appropriate form of investigation? Should we rely on empirical facts, on our reason, on action, or intuition? Can we investigate society by studying individuals or via their social structures? What values and norms of social actions are appropriate? Should we see the individual's freedom (maximization of individual benefit) or his/her responsibility to the community at large (maximization of collective benefit) as the primary goal of social action? This course blends specific perspectives from the philosophy of social science with controversies in social studies. Our use of the term social studies is broad; it includes all disciplines that study social systems of different kinds and different levels, such as economics, sociology, political science, culturology, social psychology, and the respective socio-technologies such as management or law. This course will enable students to explain how philosophy could contribute to the improvement and interestingness of social research. More specifically, students will be made familiar with general philosophical controversies in social science such as individualism versus holism, idealism versus materialism, the positivism versus postmodernism debates. Finally, we address the relationship between science and praxis and reflect upon the different statuses of science and technology.

Pragmatic Development in English as an International Language (Seminar)

Dozent/in: Irina Pandarova

Einzeltermin | Fr, 01.03.2024, 09:00 - Fr, 01.03.2024, 17:00 | Online-Veranstaltung | Online
Einzeltermin | Sa, 02.03.2024, 09:00 - Sa, 02.03.2024, 17:00 | Online-Veranstaltung | Online
Einzeltermin | So, 03.03.2024, 09:00 - So, 03.03.2024, 17:00 | Online-Veranstaltung | Online

Inhalt: In an era of advancing globalisation, applied linguists are compelled to reconsider long-standing assumptions about the development of pragmatic competence. In the context of English as an international language (EIL), where English is used as a medium of communication among speakers of diverse cultural and linguistic backgrounds, researchers need to reconceptualise pragmatic competence based on how EIL users can make sense of and navigate communicative demands through metapragmatic awareness of their own vs. others’ cultural norms and by using communication strategies skilfully while negotiating their identities (Taguchi & Ishihara 2018). Similarly, it is desirable for the assessment of pragmatic competence to move away from the dependence on idealised native-speaker models of correctness and appropriateness and instead incorporate a more functional and non-essentialist viewpoint (Li 2020). This course reviews recent advances in theorising and researching pragmatic competence under the EIL framework and aims to help participants learn how to build analytical tools for competence assessment. A special focus will be laid on speech-act performance and (meta)pragmatic awareness in the context of peer feedback. Relevant data and literature recommendations will be provided ahead of the seminar.