Later Life Workplace Index

LLWI ©Prof. Dr. Jürgen Deller et al. (2020)

Particularly in times of demographic change and skilled labor shortages, the successful employment of older workers gains importance. But what does an or­ga­niza­t­i­on look like in which working in ol­der age and working in age-di­ver­se teams is suc­cess­ful? The aim of the Later Life Workplace Index (LLWI) is to an­s­wer this ques­ti­on by iden­ti­fy­ing and mea­su­ring or­ga­niza­t­io­nal prac­tices that main­tain and pro­mo­te the performance, motivation, and health of ol­der workers. The index provides an overall framework of existing organizational practices, e.g. in the field of health management, work design, or age-friendly leadership. Most of the iden­ti­fied prac­tices do not ex­clu­si­ve­ly be­ne­fit ol­der em­ployees but are mea­ningful for em­ployees of all age groups, i.e. they are age-in­clu­si­ve.

The Later Life Workplace Index (LLWI) includes the following domains and indicators:

Later Life Workplace Index (LLWI) ©Prof. Dr. Jürgen Deller et al. (2020)
Dimensionality of the Later Life Workplace Index characterizing organizational practices for the sustainable employment of older employees


The measurability and comparability of working conditions in different organizations, can improve the management of the demographic change on an organizational level and, therefore, lead to a more positive image regarding the opportunities and possibilities of an extended working life.

Implications for research and practice

For researchers, the Later Life Workplace Index (LLWI) helps to understand the relative impact of organizational practices on the success and sustainability of the employment of older workers. The index can be used to holistically measure organizational practices for older employees to promote research in the field of successful employment of aging workforces.

For practitioners, the Later Life Workplace Index (LLWI) presents an accessible self-assessment tool for organizational practices related to the employment of older workers. By setting benchmarks, organizations can compare their results with other companies and thus identify their own potentials. Each participating organization receives a detailed report, which contains information about their strengths and weaknesses as well as general information about the impact of the identified organizational practices on organizational outcomes.

LLWI Implications ©Prof. Dr. Jürgen Deller et al. (2020)