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Ecological Restoration for Sustainability- project development (Seminar)

Dozent/in: Milena Groß, Amit Kumar, Berta Martín-López, Victoria Temperton, Eva Völler

wöchentlich | Freitag | 09:00 - 12:00 | 04.04.2022 - 08.07.2022 | C 12.112 Seminarraum | .

Inhalt: We are currently losing pollinators, the bees and the flies and the butterflies - in our intensively managed landscapes and we need these organisms not least to feed ourselves. What can we do? Come and help us to restore, study and manage cultural landscapes. The latter provide us with food and resources whilst at the same time fostering biodiversity. It is also highly relevant for the topic of sustainably consumption, as it instills in participants the value of extensively managed landscapes that cannot provide us with huge bumper harvests abut are more resilient in face of climate change and provide much more habitat for many species to co-exist with us. One of the most important challenges of our time is how to combine biodiversity and food security, as our human population and our influence on the biophysical basis of our existence on earth increases. Many people are no longer connected to nature, and feel alienated from natural processes and places. Our activities are causing major biodiversity decline that in turn affects how our ecosystems that we depend on function and the services they provide for us humans. Although our influence is often negative, there are many ways in which we can have positive effects on biodiversity as well as ensuring food security is possible. What can we do? This course combines key aspects of biodiversity conservation and ecological restoration of degraded ecosystems with the extensive management of cultural landscapes that provides us with food and resources whilst at the same time fostering biodiversity. In this planning seminar, we will plan specific sub-projects projects (in smaller groups) in detail. Our baseline project is a wonderful cultural landscape site near the village of Wendisch-Evern, where together with the a traditional orchard club (Streuobstwiesenverein) in November 2016 we restored an apple (and cherry and pear) orchard to a degraded horse paddock with low biodiversity and high nutrients in the soils (not good for biodiversity). Since the restoration action we have been doing two main things with different student cohorts: 1) Tracking how the plants and animals change at the site over time; we expect that the biodiversity of plants and insects and birds will increase over time, as we remove nutrients by mowing or grazing the site and this is good for promoting more plant and hence also animal species. 2) We are testing whether we can attract even more insects to the site but planting different grassland plants under each of the 15 apple trees; more tasty clover and co species (Klee) or forbs species that attract pollinators but are not quite as tasty as the clover and co species. This is the first time that anybody has studied this option scientifically in a traditional orchard, and if it works, it may be a nice option for attracting more pollinators to many other orchard sites. We are embedded in a cultural landscape including returning wolves and a shephard who does not want to have her sheep at our site - there are plenty of socio-ecological topics within the overall topic of the magic orchard and its transformation over time. GENERAL INFO: This course is one several different courses in the sustainability minor (sustainable consumption, sustainable governance, life cycles)- you need to choose one of the main courses and then you stick to this course over two years. This course in the summer semester, Module 3 and 4, takes place in the third semester of your minor. Building on the preceding modules introducing you to transdisciplinary research and projects, and to the key concepts and methods in ecological restoration, this semester you take part in two seminars that move into the more active sphere.

Nachhaltigkeitsgovernance - project development (Seminar)

Dozent/in: Jelena Bäumler, Jens Newig

wöchentlich | Freitag | 10:00 - 13:30 | 04.04.2022 - 08.07.2022 | C 11.308 Seminarraum

Inhalt: Nachhaltige Governance von globalen Lieferketten Vor dem Hintergrund der in den vergangenen Semestern behandelten Governance-Konzepte und unterschiedlichen Forschungsmethoden sollen im Sommersemester konkrete Forschungsprojekte entwickelt werden. Globale Lieferketten sind bekanntermaßen für zahlreiche Nachhaltigkeitsprobleme verantwortlich, die u.a. Landnutzungsänderungen, Umweltbelastungen und die Arbeitsbedingungen in produzierenden Ländern betreffen. Inzwischen existieren eine Reihe von Governance-Ansätzen, um diese nicht-nachhaltigen Folgen abzumildern, wie z.B. globale Stakeholder-Foren, Produkt-Zertifizierungen, Nachhaltigkeitsklauseln in Handelsabkommen, und in letzter Zeit Sorgfaltspflichtengesetze, die sich an Unternehmen richten. Die nachhaltige Governance von globalen Lieferketten wirft vielfältige Fragen auf: Welche Herausforderungen stellen sich bei der Nutzung globaler Lieferketten und wie können sie gelöst werden? Wie sind einseitige Maßnahmen, etwa Sorgfaltspflichten für Unternehmen oder Marktzugangsbedingungen zu beurteilen? Wie bewerten die betroffenen Akteure – insb. Unternehmen – solche Maßnahmen? Welche Maßnahmen ergreifen global agierende Unternehmen schon heute, und mit welchem Erfolg? Können bi- und multilaterale Ansätze zur Einführung weltweiter Umwelt- und menschenrechtliche Standards genutzt werden? Welche Hindernisse bestehen dafür bei Freihandelsabkommen, etwa in der WTO oder im Rahmen von Verhandlungen wie dem EU-MERCOSUR Abkommen? Welche Wirksamkeit haben die bisher eingesetzten Governance-Ansätze? Welche Rolle spielt dabei die nationale Regulierung in produzierenden Ländern?

Sustainable Consumption - Project development (Seminar)

Dozent/in: Aymara Victoria Llanque Zonta

wöchentlich | Mittwoch | 08:15 - 13:45 | 04.04.2022 - 08.07.2022 | C 16.204 Seminarraum

Inhalt: This seminar is complementary to the course called: Sustainable Consumption - Project planning [Sustainable Consumption - Project planning] (S). It aims to offer direct advice to transformative participatory action research projects, and is focused on local initiatives of change towards sustainable consumption. The work dynamics will have a package perspective, we will test a theory of change related to strong transdisciplinarity and sustainability; as well as create spaces for collaborative work and scientific training linked to policy and practice.