Lehre

Current Courses

Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. (GTU Tiflis) Thomas Schomerus

Introduction to International and European Environmental and Energy Law


Die Veranstaltung dient dazu, einen Überblick über das Rechtsgebiet insgesamt und vertiefte Einblicke in einzelne aktuelle Fragen wie internationale Klimaschutzverträge, Kohleausstieg, Energiecharta, internationale Artenschutzverträge etc. zu erhalten.

Das Seminar wird fallbezogen angeboten, es wird jeweils vorher ein Fall/ein Text ausgegeben, der vorher gelesen und dann im Seminar diskutiert werden soll.

Das Seminar vor Ort soll nach Möglichkeit durch eine zweitägige Exkursion nach Brüssel ergänzt werden.

Ziel: Dis Studierenden können in Zusammenarbeit mit anderen praktische Rechtsfragen des eur. Umwelt- und Energierechts bearbeiten und ihre Lösungen vor anderen präsentieren und diese mit anderen diskutieren. Sie erarbeiten die komplexen Grundlagen des eur. Umwelt- und Energierechts eigenständig und unterziehen die gefundenen Lösungswege einer kritischen Reflektion.

Ph. D. Colloquium (Law)


Im Kolloquium stellen Promovierende ihre Forschungsvorhaben vor.

Ziel: Jede*r Promovierende ist aufgefordert, zwei Präsentationen zu halten. Im Idealfall findet die erste Präsentation in einem frühen Stadium der Arbeit an der Dissertation statt und enthält eine Vorstellung der Forschungsfrage und der ins Auge gefassten Herangehensweise.

Gegen Ende der Arbeit an der Dissertation sollte die zweite Präsentation stattfinden; dann entsprechend mit einer kurzen Vorstellung der Ergebnisse.

Perspektiven des internationalen und europäischen Umwelt- und Energierechts


Ausgewählte aktuelle Fragen des int. und eur. Umwelt- und Energierechts, insbes. Klima- und Ressourcenschutzrecht. Das Seminar basiert auf einzelnen Fällen sowie Literaturbeiträgen zum Umwelt- und Energierechts, die jeweils vorher ausgegeben und gelesen werden sollen. Alle Texte werden (auch) in englischer Sprache ausgegeben.

Selected current questions of int. and EU-environmental and energy law, in particular climate change and resource protection law. The seminar is based on a number of cases and literature contributions on environmental and energy law, each of which shall be handed out and read beforehand. All texts are (also) issued in English.

Das Seminar soll durch Exkursionen, zB nach Salzgitter zum Atom-Endlager Schacht Konrad bzw. zum Asse-Bergwerk ergänzt werden, sofern dies möglich ist. Ebenso soll nach Möglichkeit Gelegenheit zur Teilnahme an einer Exkursion nach Brüssel gegeben werden.

The seminar should be supplemented by excursions, e.g. to Salzgitter to the nuclear repository Schacht Konrad or to the Asse mine, if this is possible. Likewise, the opportunity to participate in an excursion to Brussels should be given if possible.

Ziel: Studierende sollen einen Überblick über wichtige Rechtsfragen des int. u. eur. Umwelt- und Energierechts und tiefere Einblicke in bestimmte Problembereiche gewinnen.

Students will get an overview on important legal questions in int. and EU-environmental and energy law and deeper insight to specific problems.

TASS - Transatlantic Sustainability Seminar (FSL)


Part 1: The seminar starts with students working on the different themes of Int. & EU law & politics. The topics for the assignments should cover environmental and energy issues and should give insight in either legal, economic, social, technical or cultural problems of the exploitation and the use of energy. A topic can be, for instance, the impacts on the environment, especially on ground water, deriving from Fracking.

Part 2: The Leuphana students take part in the Leuphana summer school for American students in the second half of May, 2022. This program has been offered since the beginning of the 90ies, teaching American students international aspects combined with intercultural issues in an international environment in order to prepare young adults for a job in a globalized world. It comprises hard facts from fields such as economics, legal, or management, but also soft skills like intercultural communication or business negotiations. By accompanying and maybe even hosting American students, Leuphana students will learn about their background and get ideas for their presentations.

Part 3: If possible, an excursion to Brussels will be offered, with insights in EU organization, law & institutions. Students will have to cover their expenses, mainly consisting of travel costs and the necessary spending on food etc.

Ziel: Learning targets:

• Professional competence: The aim of the course is to provide the students with a deeper insight into sustainability issues with a special focus on environmental and energy themes. They will improve their language competence by working together with American students and by giving a presentation in English language together with the American university.

• Methodological expertise: students will learn to use methods of research from either side, Germany and US, in particular in the fields of sustainability sciences and business administration.

• Social competence: students will learn to work together with other students from a different national and social background and get practical experience in cross cultural communication.

• Personal competence: students will learn to work together with a different academic and cultural environment, requiring personal reliability and self-discipline.

Further information about courses you will find in our academic portal myStudy.

Current Courses

Dr. Hendrike Clouting

Climate adaptation in the district of Lüneburg -- ecosystem-based and land use approaches


Lokale Klimamodelle bieten einen Blick in die Zukunft Lüneburgs. In diesem Seminar untersuchen wir, was der Klimawandel für den Landkreis Lüneburg bedeutet und wie sich Lüneburg an den Klimawandel anpassen kann und sollte. Dies werden wir insbesondere im Kontext von Grünflächen, Biotopen, urbanem living und Entwicklungsplanung untersuchen.

Nachdem verschiedene Erhebungen in Gruppen durchgeführt wurden, wird die Umsetzung der Ergebnisse in die integrierte und adaptive Landnutzungs- und Stadtplanung analysiert und diskutiert. Eine Grundlage bei der Entscheidungsfindung sind Klimaprojektionen von regionaler Klimamodellen. Aus dem integrierten Stadtentwicklungskonzept Lüneburg (ISEK - 2035) und dem Projekt „Zukunftsstadt Lüneburg 2030+“ werden wesentliche Strategien und Visionen abgeleitet.

Ziele einer integrierten und adaptiven Land- und Stadtplanung sind beispielsweise Überflutungen von Siedlungsgebieten durch Regenwasser zu verhindern, Trockenheit und Oberbodenverlust in landwirtschaftlich genutzten Flächen zu mindern, Zeiten von Wasserknappheit und Hitzestress zu bewältigen sowie die räumliche Widerstandsfähigkeit gegenüber Risiken zu erhöhen .

Im Kurs zu untersuchende Standardmaßnahmen der Stadt- und Bauleitplanung sind Zonierung, Grüne Korridore, Pufferzonen und Mindestabstände, Bauvorschriften (z. B. Mindestgeschosshöhen, Wasser- oder Klimaschutz) sowie Baubewilligungen. Andere aufkommende Konzepte und Instrumente zur Integration von Anliegen und Ideen der Bürger zur Anpassung an den Klimawandel können diskutiert werden (z. B. Elemente von Smart Cities und Smart Governance; Nachbarschafts-Apps; Online-Community-Engagement-Plattformen wie „Frankfurt fragt mich“; hybride Beratungsansätze ).

Ziel: Grundkenntnisse in Vorhersage Modellierung und Szenarioplanung.

Best-Practice-Beispiele aus der Forschung für Klimaanpassungs-Maßnahmen.

Anwendung von Methoden der Raumplanung, wie GIS und Umsetzung von Anpassungsmaßnahmen im gesetzlichen Rahmen.

Kenntnisse über Politik- und Planungsinstrumente.

Environmental impact assessment (EIA) and strategic environmental assessment (SEA)


Environmental Assessment (EA) aims at the integration of all significant environmental and social consequences of specified proposed activities into formal decision making and at the provision of relevant information and the involvement of stakeholders and the public.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a legal process of identifying, predicting and evaluating the impacts of a proposed project or development on the environment and society. EIA is legally binding for specified projects in almost all national legislations worldwide. It is therefore the most commonly applied environmental planning and management instrument. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) at the higher policy and planning level is becoming increasingly important over the last decade.

Against a progressing development pressure of a growing world population, an important objective of EA is to avoid or mitigate negative impacts and to enhance positive impacts. Both EIA and SEA contribute to achieving the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and related global environmental policies.

This course is relevant for students interested in tasks of environmental authorities, environmental consultancies and NGOs. It links to the themes of environmental governance, spatial and sectoral planning, implementation of sustainable development goals, and public participation. The course is of transdisciplinary nature with contents from spatial, natural and social sciences, urban and transport planning, energy and water management.

Topics addressed during this course are:

• Evolution and legislation of Environmental impact assessment (EIA) at project level

• Purpose and process of EIA

• Tools and methods in EIA

• Public participation in EIA

• Evolution and legislation of Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) at policy, programme and plan levels

• SEA process, contents and methods

• Effectiveness of EIA

• Capacity development in EIA

• EIA best practice guidance, quality control and review

• Case studies of EIA and SEA implementation in EU countries and abroad

Ziel: Lectures and self-study in this course provide knowledge in the field of EIA and SEA that will be critically analysed, evaluated and discussed in case study contexts during the seminar. The lecturer provides students with essential information, terminology, methods and case studies. Students will carry out research on a selected topic and case study, present this to the class and write individual essays. Discussions will take place after lectures and presentations. Feedback on the group presentations will be provided individually to students in the course of the seminar. Further feedback on the individual research and the essay writing can be given after agreement in the contact hours.

Professional competence: after completion of this course, participants will be able to:

• Outline an overview on the legal context and the formal legal procedure of EIA and SEA in a selected country

• Describe the complexity of EIA (process and contents)

• Identify methods of environmental assessment and when to use them

• Understand the role of competent authorities and stakeholders

• Describe various environmental impacts of human development on environmental factors

• Discuss the different stages in environmental assessment

• Apply adequate methods and tools for EIA and SEA to given examples during an exercise;

• Analyse strenths and weaknesses of EA

• Analyse the quality of data in an EA case study

• Debate the matter of scale and tiering in EA at different planning levels

• Design a stakeholder role and its (political) motivations in an EA decision-making process of a given case

• Assess the influence of EA on sound decision-making

• Conclude on the value of EA in achieving sustainable development

Personal competence: participants train their skills in academic thinking and writing, critical analysis and creativity through literature review and feedback. They practice communicating robust arguments in presentations, debates and exercises. During group assignments they learn to collaborate in teams, to negotiate and to make timely decisions.

Introduction to sustainable agriculture


Under a changing global climate and ongoing environmental problems caused by agricultural practice, conventional agriculture in Europe comes under increasing pressure to integrate and transform. Farmers are progressively made responsible for a holistic protection of the environment through sustainable resource and land use. Crop cultivation and livestock production contribute to global warming through large scale greenhouse gas emissions. A consequent reduction of pesticide and fertilizer use is crucial for nature conservation. In 2019-2020 European farmers have protested against strict land use regulations (e.g. limit nitrogen emissions by halving the country's livestock), low milk prices, and also growing criticism of agricultural practices. They are concerned about a decline of their current livelihoods and status in society. At the same time many agricultural systems are vulnerable to climate change and its effects such as droughts and floods. Climate adaptation is inevitable to maintain food security in the long-term. Additionally agriculture in many countries worldwide is under intensifying threat of land and resource use competition, conflicts and consumption by expansion of other sectors, e.g. energy, urban and transport development.

Topics addressed during this course include:

• Environmental sustainability in agricultural policies and legislation

• Spatial implications of agricultural policies and programmes

• Environmental policies and legislation

• Spatial dimensions of food marketing and consumption

• Different forms of agricultural production systems and their main land use functions

• The importance of poverty reduction, healthy rural livelihoods and social well-being

• Effects of climate change on agriculture and adaptation strategies

• Land use change in agriculture for mitigation of climate change effects

• Integrative policy approaches, methods and processes for sustainable agriculture at different decision making scales (e.g. strategic environmental assessment (SEA); agri-environmental schemes; nature protection by agreement; multifunctionality of agricultural land use in spatial planning etc.)

Ziel: The 6th UN Global Environment Outlook report (2019) states that environmental policies are insufficiently implemented and integrated in sectoral policies, such as in agriculture, energy and mobility. Consequently the main assignment in this course is a regional case analysis (e.g. using a SWOT analysis) of the integration of environmental and social concerns in agricultural policies, practice and land use. A focus lies on the spatial consequences of the implementation of higher level policies. For this purpose tutorial groups select a case region. Firstly environmental impacts of agricultural policies and programmes will be identified. Further environmental objectives and indicators will be selected. Existing instruments for the integration of environmental policies in the agricultural sector will be listed. The tutorial groups will investigate in their case region to which extent policies and mechanisms for agricultural production, land use and resource conservation are (dis)jointed. After a SWOT analysis they propose a case-specific vision for integrated sustainable agriculture. This may be specified in a proposal for a transformation in agriculture towards a more sustainable way of land and resource use.

Lectures, literature-study and exercises in this course provide knowledge in the fields of environment, agriculture and spatial planning. Tutorial groups will present a regional case during class including a student-led discussion or interactive workshop (15-20 min; 10-15 min). Feedback from fellows will be integrated into the design of individual academic posters. General discussions will take place after lectures. Feedback from the lecturer on the group presentations will be provided individually in the course of the seminar. Further feedback on the individual posters can be given in the contact hours. Assessment is individual.

Professional competence: after completion of this course, participants will be able to:

• Outline an overview on agricultural, environmental and spatial policies and legislations in a case study

• Understand general interrelations between environment and agriculture (agri-environmental systems)

• Identify environmental objectives and indicators for environmental integration

• Predict environmental and social impacts of agriculture in a case study

• Categorize case studies according to different agricultural regions, dominant food production systems and contextual elements of governance

• Discuss the potential and limitation of SEA and other instruments to achieve sustainable agriculture

• Apply principles of sustainable land and resource use to food production

• Do a SWOT analysis of the integration of environmental objectives and targets in agriculture

• Debate effects of global climate change on agricultural regions

• Compose interdependencies of multi-level governance

• Develop climate adaptation and mitigation measures related to agricultural systems

• Conclude a vision for integrated sustainable agriculture

• Justify steps for a transformation in agriculture towards a more sustainable way of land and resource use.

Personal competence: participants train their skills in academic thinking and writing, critical analysis and creativity through literature review and feedback. They practice communicating robust arguments in presentations and debates. During group assignments they learn to collaborate in teams, to negotiate and to make timely decisions. They practice to decide on essential information for an academic poster.

Climate change adaptation through regional land use planning: an international perspective


With 70-80% of the world’s population expected to live in cities by 2050 (UN 2018), smart urban planning and development strategies are crucial to managing our land and resources. On one hand particularly population growth in metropolitan areas causes significant impacts on the environment and societies. On the other hand some regions are experiencing population decline and shrinkage in recent years, which also has consequences for land and resource use.

Aims of regional land use planning are to regulate the land use demands of sectoral interests, to make sustainable decisions and to solve conflicts related to the natural and the built environment. Regional land use planning creates a framework for the development and preservation of communities in rural and urban environments. The land use planning process must therefore serve the public interest, increase the livelihood of regions, and make them more sustainable and resilient for everyone. Moreover regional planning has to adapt to climate change - as a planning instrument and process, i.e. in its strategies, contents, integrative and participatory elements, as well as the skills of regional planners themselves.

Within multi-level and cross-sectoral spatial planning systems this course will focus on the regional planning scale, where site-specific decisions are made, the public can be involved and where adaptation to climate change is an essential task. A region is furthermore the intermediate level to connect bottom-up and top-down planning. As regional land use planning is related to sectors, i. e. urban and transport planning, energy production, agriculture, forestry, tourism, water management and landscape planning/nature conservation etc., international examples of integrated planning decisions will be studied. The demands of all of these sectors on land use require a good future-oriented governance between sectors, levels of government and actors ‒ horizontally and vertically.

Topics addressed in this course are:

• Regional land use planning policies and legislations

• Regional spatial strategies and concepts for the coordination of land use demands

• Climate projections and their uncertainties

• Spatial consequences of the socio-economic transformation

• Multi-level governance in spatial planning

• Sectoral plans and programmes with territorial impact

• Strategic environmental assessment

• Regional actors in land use planning

• Potentials and barriers of the contribution of regional land use planning to adaptation to climate change

Ziel: In this course current planning practice will be analysed in international case regions and the future of regional land use planning adapting to a changing climate discussed. Participants will investigate in tutorial groups what we can learn from international planning systems and examples about current systems. Students will come across traditional regulatory planning approaches and compare these with modern participative advances. For this purpose they will design a comparative case analysis.

After successful completion of this course students are expected to be able to:

• Name different planning systems and approaches of land use planning

• Outline different stages of the regional land use plan-making process

• List contents of a regional land use plan

• Identify stakeholders and their positioning in the regional planning and decision making process

• Explore the interrelation of spatial planning with sectoral policies and discuss conflicts

• Interrelate economic, social, environmental and political issues in plan-making

• Select criteria for a comparative case analysis

• Apply knowledge from planning theory and international examples to come up with ideas for sharing best practice

• Analyse a case study of regional land use planning

• Compare international case studies

• Compose a comparative case analysis

• Assess case study documents

• Critique the comparative case analysis

Further information about courses you will find in our academic portal myStudy.